For the reason that time immemorial, our ancestors in Africa have been engaged in using vegetation and their completely different components for remedy of varied illnesses, in addition to for as for dangerous purposes- reminiscent of poisons. Typically, vegetation have been in use all through the world in folks drugs and as native cures for widespread illnesses. Medicinal vegetation particularly has been in use for hundreds of years as cures for human ailments as a result of they comprise elements of therapeutic worth (Okoli et al., 2009) People drugs gave rise to conventional techniques of medication in varied ailments. Diodia scandens Sw has huge usefulness and significance (Essiett et al., 2011).
Based on Essiett et al., (2010). Diodia scandens Sw (Rubiaceae) is an evergreen perennial herb, which has an alternate leaf association, petiole is current. It has compound leaves, ovate to lanceolate in form, reticulate venation, complete in margin, its apex is acute, its base is cuneate, it has glabrous floor and its texture is charteceous. Diodia scandens Sw has a darkish inexperienced coloration, tasteless, odorless and has solitary inflorescence. It’s a straggling herb, which has been in use within the Western African system of medication. It has huge usefulness and significance; entire components of the vegetation are helpful in curing varied illnesses.
Makes use of
Typically, the vegetation medicinal worth consists of its use as antidotes (venomous stings, bites, and so forth.), painkiller, remedy of veneral ailments and cutaneous and subcutaneous fungal infections. Nevertheless, the completely different components of the plants- sap, leaf, stem and root, are used for varied medicinal functions. The leaf is used for treating arthritis, rheumatism, cutaneous and subcutaneous parasitic an infection, diarrhea, dysentery and anti-abortifacients; the leaf plus roots are used for dropsy, swellings, edema, and gout and as lactation stimulants; whereas the sap is used for treating ear infections, paralysis, epilepsy, convulsions, spasm and pulmonary troubles.
Within the latest years, secondary plant metabolites- often known as photochemicals have been extensively investigated for his or her efficiency as medicinal brokers. Research carried out on some vegetation confirmed that some vegetation comprise many substances reminiscent of peptides, tannins, alkaloids, important oils, phenols and flavonoids amongst others, which may function sources for antimicrobial manufacturing (Okoli et al., 2009). D. scandens doesn’t comprise alkaloids, flavonoids, phobotannins and anthraquinones. Nevertheless, it has saponins, which have anti-inflammatory, anti-yeasts, anti-fungal, anti-parasitic, anti-tumor, anti-viral and anti-abortifacient actions have been current. Tannins, which have astringent and detergent properties have been additionally current, and can be utilized towards diarrhoea. Based on Essiet et al. (2011), the photochemistry of the leaf extract revealed the presence of saponins, tannins, cardiac glycosides and absence of flavenoides, phlobatannins, alkaloids and anthraquinones.
D. scandens additionally has antimicrobial properties of which a lot is just not identified or documented but. It’s utilized in some localities in Nigeria to deal with cutaneous and subcutaneous fungal infections. The process includes squeezing out the sap from the entire plant, freshly collected and appling the fluid on the contaminated pores and skin by scrubbing. If achieved incessantly for about3- 5days, the antifungal impact is seen. This agrees with the report of Essiett et al. (2011), who acknowledged that in Nigeria, the leaves are used for curing eczema-, which is a fungal an infection.
Typically, vegetation have been in use all through the world in folks drugs and as native cures for widespread illnesses and medicinal vegetation particularly has been in use for hundreds of years as cures for human ailments as a result of they comprise elements of therapeutic worth. Diodia scandens Sw has huge usefulness and significance (Essiett et al., 2011). The completely different components of the plant Diodia scandens- sap, leaf, stem and root, are used for varied medicinal functions. The plant doesn’t comprise alkaloids, flavonoids, phobotannins and anthraquinones however has saponins, tannins and cardiac glycosides. The plant has antifungal properties evident in its use for treating cutanbeous and sub-cutaneous fungal infections reminiscent of eczema. It is suggested that additional analysis be achieved on the plant to correctly consider its antibacterial properties.
Akah, P.A., Okogun, J.I. and Ekpendu, T.O. (1993). Antioedema and Analgesic actions of Diodia scandens extract in rats and mice. Phytotherapy Analysis. Vo. 7, Concern four: 317- 319.
Essiett, U.A., Bala, D.N. and Agbakahi, J.A. (2010). Pharmacognostic research of the leaves and stem of Diodia scandens Sw in Nigeria. Students Analysis Lirary, Archives of Utilized Science Analysis. 2(5): 184- 198.
Okoli, R.I., Turay, A.A., Mensah, J.Ok. and Aigbe, A.O. (2009). Phytochemical and Antimicrobial properties of 4 Herbs from Edo State, Nigeria. Report and Opinion. 1(5): 67- 73.